Kings Seeds : July 2015 - June 2016
4 > Kings Seeds Catalogue 2015/16 HANDY HINTS KEY TO “WHEN TO SOW” TIMES AND METHODS 1. Early Spring - Use Method A indoors a month or two before transplanting time in your locality. 2. Late Spring & Early Summer - Use Method B when all danger of frost has passed and the soil can be easily worked. 3. Late Summer & Early Autumn - Either sowing method may be used although it is always preferable to sow small or fine seeds in pots or trays and when the seedlings become strong enough, transplant to the garden in Autumn. Slower germinating perennial varieties can be left in the container outside over Winter to be transplanted in Spring. For larger seed or for those not recommended for transplanting, Method B is preferable. NB: A lot of seeds need regular warmth to help them germinate – without it they won’t! The best way to do this is to plant at the right time. By planting in season when the seed is happy to germinate you are increasing your chances of success. METHOD A – CONTAINER SOWING: » Seeds can be sown in trays or shallow pots using a good quality seed raising mix. » Fill the container to within 2cm from the rim, then moisten by standing the container in a tray of water until the surface of the mix becomes slightly damp or by watering from above using at all times a very fine spray. Then sow the seed. » A rule of thumb is to cover seeds to a depth of no more than twice their diameter but in the case of very fine seed no covering is needed as the seeds when pressed firmly into the surface of the mix naturally work their way into the soil. If covering is preferred, sieve mix finely over the surface. A piece of glass with a few thicknesses of paper on top may be placed over the container to prevent the mix surface from drying out. Turn glass daily so that the dry side is downwards. » If soil shows signs of drying out, repeat either watering process taking care not to wash any surface soil away. Always maintain even moisture levels during germination. » Check daily for signs of germination and remove covering as soon as seedlings appear, exposing the tender plants gradually to the full sunlight. Watch out for low light levels and low night temperatures. » If growing on a window sill, turn the container every day to maintain an even growth and to keep the seedlings from leaning towards the light. When large enough to handle transplant seedlings into a suitable container approximately 4cm apart. Harden off plants gradually exposing them to outdoor conditions. Do not over water seedlings. METHOD B – DIRECT SOWING: » Turn over garden soil with spade or fork. A loose soil enriched with moderate amounts of organic matter or fertilizer to supply nutrients is best. Add any other conditioners such as peat moss, compost or sand if not added the previous Autumn. Break up the clods of earth and rake to produce a fine surface. Sow seeds thinly in rows or in beds if required then cover with twice the thickness of the seed with fine soil, tamp firmly down and moisten bed well. » When seedlings are about 6cm high or have developed their first true leaves (recognisable as those of the sown species) the row should be thinned out to the plant’s required spacing.
July 2016 - June 2017
July 2014 - June 2015